Thursday, January 16, 2020

Music of the 20th Century Essay

In this history of music and arts, every period has its own characteristic style which is associated with the society from which it originated. The period of the 19th and 20th century perceived the two world wars, and had been a period of many changes: advancement in technology, a period of many inventions such as the telephone, television, electronic light, computers, cassette tapes, synthesizers, CD players, and many others. Because of this inventions, experimentations were made in the field of music and arts. Claude Debussy (1862-1918) He studied with Guiraud and others at the Paris Conservatoire and as prizewinner went to Rome, though more important Impressions came from his visits to Bayreuth and from hearing Javaneese music in Paris. Debussy and Impressionism The Impressionist style of painting developed in the late 19th century in France. Although the Impressionist movement did not exclusively consist of French artists, it did start in France and the French painters are among the most well-known. Several earlier artistic movements, such as Classicism and Realism, influenced the Impressionist painters. In 1855, a World Fair was held in Paris, and art was given significant attention. This contributed to Paris’ reputation as the center of the art world and the place to be for aspiring painters, such as the group that would come to be known as the Impressionists. Impressionism is a style borrowed from painting which creates an illusion of light and atmosphere by using colors side by side instead of blending them. The artist avoids realism in favor of conveying impressions. Nocturnes Achille-Claude Debussy, 1862-1918, Nocturnes. Completed December 15, 1899 (at 3 a.m., according to an inscription on the manuscript), first performance October 27, 1901, in Paris. Scored for 3 flutes, 2 oboes, English horn, 2 clarinets, 3 bassoons, 4 horns, 3 trumpets, 3 trombones, tuba, cymbals, snare drums, tympani, 2 harps, female chorus, and strings. 1. Nuages- (Clouds) Debussy pictures the sky with slow and melancholy passages of clouds. The warmth of Nuages recalls a summer love affair. 2. Fetes- (Festivals) is a restrained yet joyous celebration, the sort that generates lifelong memories without ever disturbing the neighbors. 3. Sirenes- (Sirens) builds on a simple two-note motives to seduce the listeners into Debussy’s river, just as dangerously as the mythological beauties who have lured innumerable sailors to their doom over the centuries. The Music of Bela Bartok Bela Bartok (1881-1945), a Hungarian, is considered a famous progressive modern musical composer, a great pianist, teacher and researcher. He was one of the leaders of Hungarian nationalism and made use of the Hungarian folk tunes in his music. Just like Stravinsky, he was one of the composers who belonged to the movement of Neo-Classicism: a return to the simplicity of Classicism and combining of modern sound with classic form. His style is characterized by rhythms which are percussive and intricate because of the influence of the Hungarian dance patterns. He used polyrhythm, which means using two or more different rhythms played at the same time. In some of his compositions like â€Å"Six Dances in Bulgarian Rhythm, no.1†, you will notice the irregular grouping of beats. Polytonality, which is the simultaneous combination of two or more tonalities in a composition, can also be found in Bartok’s compositions. Antonio Molina and Impressionism Dr. Antonio Molina (1894-1980) was one of the 20th century composers who wrote art music. He was considered the â€Å"Claude Debussy of the Philippines† because he was the first to introduce several important devices, technically characteristics of impressionism in music. One of Molina’s popularly known, compositions is â€Å"Hatinggabi†. Another composition of Molina is â€Å"Dancing Fool†. In this composition, he made use of the whole tone scale and used it as a descriptive device. Schoenberg and Expressionism Arnold Schoenberg (1874-1951) Austrian composer, Schoenberg’s development of the twelve-tone method of composition was a turning point in the 20th century music. He was a self taught musician. Another philosophy of art which affected the music of the 20th century is expressionism. It is a style which seeks to express emotion with exaggerations rather than represent the physical world. The followers of the movement believe that this world is full of tension, and people are irrational, rebellious and scared to be alone. Expressionism Many of the 20th music reflects an artistic movement called expressionism, which stress intense and subjective emotion. Painters, writers, and composers explored inner feelings rather than depicting outward appearances. The expressionists rejected conventional prettiness. Arnold Schoenberg was known for the radical sound of his music. In this song cycle, â€Å"Pierrot Lunaire†, he made use of different style of singing which is called Sprechstimme. Pierrot Lunaire calls for unusual style of vocal performance halfway between speaking and singing. Sprechstimme Literally it means speech voice. It is a manner of performing a song which sounds half-sung and half-spoken. Multimeter is identified, by the time signature, a fractional symbol in which the numerator specifies the number of beats per bar, and the denominator specifies the relative note value assigned to one beat. Syncopation (Accent) the suppression of an expected rhythmic accent by the continuation of an accented tone that begins just before it. The Music of Stravinsky Igor Stravinsky (1882-1971) A Russian composer, later of French (1934) and American nationality. Stravinsky was regarded as the world’s greatest composer. His once revolutionary works were modern classics. Like Debussy and Schoenberg, Stravinsky a composer from Russia, was also one of the 20th century composers who established new trends in music, instead of just using the new trends in his music, he combined the traditional and modern trends. Electronic Music Music that requires knowledge or use of electronic devices to produce or manipulate sounds during its composition and performances. With the advancement in technology, many composers are experimenting new sound sources such as electronic, environmental and other non-tonal sound. Traditional instruments are used but in different way. Even computers, cassette tape recorders, and synthesizers are used. Concrete Music Music created by reworking natural sounds recorded on discs or tapes. Filipino Contemporary Composer Nicanor Abelardo (1893-1934)- Our foremost Kundiman composer also showed the elements of modernism in his music. This is heard in his â€Å"Cinderella Overture† and â€Å"Sinfonietta for Strings† Dr. Lucrecia Kasilag (1918-)- Neo-classicist. The music of Kasilag is unique in which she was able to combine the music of the east and west. This is shown in her Tocatta (1958) were she made used of the piano, clarinet, oboe kulintang and turiray. The Kuiliontang is very prominent in her â€Å"Concert Divertisement†. Dr. Jose Maceda (1917-)- is the pioneer and exponent of avant-garde music in our country. When he was in France, he joined the Music Concrete movement. An example of his work is â€Å"Ugnayan†(1974). Most of Maceda’s composition make use of a large number of people and the environment. Dr.Ramon Santos (1941-)- Another way of combining western and non-western materials and structures is shown by Dr. Ramon Santos. He made use of Asian material in his new way of composing. We will hear in his composition new concept and system of composing which he learned from his studies abroad. At present there is a group of young composers who are active in promoting this so called New Music. Some of them are Ryan Cayabyab, Chino Toledo, Laverne Dela Pena, Arlene Chongson,and Jonas Baes.

Tuesday, January 7, 2020

Essay on The Unique Art Produced During the Renaissance

The renaissance or â€Å"rebirth† was a cultural awakening which spanned from the fourteenth to sixteenth century. A growing interest in humanist traits and classical ideas heavily influenced the art during the renaissance. A growing community of artists provided much needed competition for their profession. The renaissance introduced many different and modern ideas but also remained obedient to classical belief. The unique art of the renaissance spread throughout Europe. Northern European art differed tremendously from Italian art. Art during the early renaissance time period was mostly commissioned by wealthy and powerful families. Ruling families were accepted by the average public. These families commissioned various and lavish artworks.†¦show more content†¦This unique blending of fresh ideas and rejuvenating classical ideas defined Masaccio’s artwork and more importantly the art of the early renaissance. The high renaissance time period introduced the wor ld to arguably its best artists. Leonardo Da Vinci, Michelangelo, Raphael, and Titian ruled the grand community of artists at the time. Da Vinci and Michelangelo further succeeded because of their versatility. The high renaissance was marked by rival city-states and a continued trend of lavish spenders. Religious and political leaders spent great quantity of money to have their chapels, or any setting appear better than their rivals. Michelangelo’s artwork dominates over any other in the Sistine chapel. The Sistine chapel is the ideal place of where new popes are elected. Michelangelo brought along his love for sculpting in his paintings. There are about three hundred figures on the Sistine Chapel’s ceiling, and no two appear the same. Michelangelo’s artwork has an enormous variety of expression. Arguably Michelangelo’s best painting; The Creation of Adam perfectly represents his ideas. God is shown flying through the sky; while Adam is bound to the earth . Beneath the Lord’s left arm appears to be Eve, waiting to be born. The viewer’s eye follows the entire arm motion perfectly, which ends up pointing at Christ’s child face. Michelangelo’s figures differ greatly from Leonardo Da Vinci’s formal poses and gestures. Michelangelo’s figures includeShow MoreRelatedRenaissance Time Capsule1187 Words   |  5 PagesRenaissance Time Capsule Rodney A. Mathis HUM/102 June 2, 2014 Dr. Julie Kares Renaissance Time Capsule As part of my introduction to humanities class, I was required to probe for a concealed time capsule from both the Renaissance and the Baroque ages. Thereafter, I was required to identify at least two examples of art, music, architecture, philosophy, and literature depicted during the periods. By doing so, I expected to identify how these examples reflected world events and cultural blueprintsRead MoreComparing Art And The Baroque Eras989 Words   |  4 PagesComparing Art of the Renaissance and the Baroque Eras The Renaissance and the Baroque eras created some of the most famous works of art produced in the world. The two eras expressed differences in style and theme, but they also have many characteristics in common. To better understand the similarities of the eras it will be described by the characteristics, styles and the influences of each; Renaissance and Baroque works of art. Famous artist from the Renaissance era were Leonard da Vinci and MichelangeloRead MoreEssay on The Harlem Renaissance1187 Words   |  5 PagesThe Harlem Renaissance The Harlem Renaissance refers to a prolific period of unique works of African-American expression from about the end of World War I to the beginning of the Great Depression. Although it is most commonly associated with the literary works produced during those years, the Harlem Renaissance was much more than a literary movement; similarly, it was not simply a reaction against and criticism of racism. The Harlem Renaissance inspired, cultivated, and, most importantly, legitimatedRead MoreImpact Of The Italian Renaissance1387 Words   |  6 PagesAfter the decline and disappearance of the Roman Empire, the Italian Renaissance was introduced to the European culture. The Italian Renaissance was the revival of the Greek and Roman cultures in forms of art, education, and literature. The Renaissance originally began in Florence, Italy during the time of 14 A.D and eventually began to expand throughout western and northern Europe in 15 A.D. The rebirthing of these ancient cultures brought mu ch awareness and knowledge to the Italian society andRead MoreThe Italian Renaissance1228 Words   |  5 PagesThe Italian Renaissance was a time for great cultural change and achievements, which began in Italy approximately during the 13th century and lasted up until the 16th century. It marked the transition between the Dark Ages and Early Modern Europe. The European Renaissance originated in Central Italy, and centered in the city of Florence.i The distinctive characteristics of northern Italian states such as art, literature, philosophy, and culture produced an atmosphere of learning and artistic expressionRead MoreThe Carolingian Renaissance1472 Words   |  6 Pagesï » ¿The Carolingian Renaissance is known for the cultural transitions and great achievements that were obtained in the 8th century under the direction of Charlemagne. Charlemagne, who was also known as Carolus Magnus and Charles the Great, was one of the greatest leaders during the Middle Ages. He was a military man, king of the Franks, and was appointed as Roman emperor in 800 AD. Throughout Europe, he was seen as a great example of an emperor and Christian king. Not only did he revive the politicalRead MoreComparing The Italian And Italian Renaissance1748 Words   |  7 PagesOctober 26, 2015 Art 111 Northern Renaissance and Italian Renaissance Differences between the Italian and Northern Renaissance The Renaissance was a period of great cultural and technological changes which swept Europe from the end of the 13 century. It was integral in developing Europe into a powerhouse. Although, each part of Europe was subjected to different changes, there were two primary renaissances which were most notable. They were the Italian and the Northern renaissance. Both of theseRead MoreLeonardo s Madonna Of The Rocks1298 Words   |  6 PagesMadonna has a little facial shadowing that barely convey depth. Renaissance art tended to be quite monumental. It was the time of a powerful and wealthy church, princely courts, and powerful patrons of the arts such as the de Medici family. Architecture, sculptures, and paintings were massive, opulent, and enduring. The primo fresco of the Sistine chapel is not only vast but was meant to last the test of time. Along with the monumentality of art, there was the emergence of artistic fame. Particular popesRead MoreWhy Did The Renaissance Come From Northern Europe?1696 Words   |  7 PagesWhy did the Renaissance come later to northern Europe than to Italy and what were its distinctive characteristics? The Renaissance, a term coined by Giorgio Vasari in 1550 , is used to describe the period of cultural and intellectual change which started in Italy and then spread across the rest of Europe. This development in society led to Europe stepping out of the medieval era and becoming a powerhouse on a global scale. The Italian Renaissance is what the majority of people think ofRead MoreLeonardo da Vinci is one of the most well-known geniuses in human history. This man masters900 Words   |  4 PagesLisa, fascinated millions of people around the world and the amazing and mysterious details in the painting attracted a number of scientists and scholars to devote their whole career in studying them. Born and lived in Italian Renaissance age, which is a period of time when arts flourished and knowledge was valued, Leonardo was surrounded by many great contemporary artists and a perfect creative environment. These favorable factors supported him to fully exercise his talents. As a writer, Leonardo

Monday, December 30, 2019

William Shakespeare s Romeo And Juliet - 1147 Words

Romeo and Juliet argues that life is enjoyable if and only if mutual love accompanies it. Capulet’s perspective that life is limiting prevails for anybody who isn’t exposed to mutual love because â€Å"we were born to die† (3.4.4). To those exposed to mutual love---particularly Romeo and Juliet, life is profoundly valuable, for being with their partner stimulates and unifies every part of their bodies: mind, spirit and emotion. To both Romeo and Juliet, life absent of love makes death preferable to living. Shakespeare demonstrates that life with love transforms a meaningless existence into one that results in the complete, perfect unity of two psyches. The text conveys that those who aren’t exposed to reciprocated love find no merit in life, for life is devoid of pleasure. Early in the play, Mercutio introduces Romeo to Queen Mab, the fantastical midwife, whose whimsical appearance boasts a â€Å"shape [that’s] no bigger than an agate stone† with â€Å"wagon spokes made of long spinners’ legs† (1.4.60-64). As Mab evolves into a â€Å"hag† who angrily â€Å"plagues† the lips of women that â€Å"straight on kisses dream†¦ [because their] breaths with sweetmeats tainted are,† Mercutio asserts that loving is immoral (1.4.85;74-76). To Mercutio, musing over love is a sin punishable by having a woman’s---lover’s--- lips â€Å"plagu[ed]† by Mab, because love fleets and fools it’s beholder into losing touch with reality. With Mab’s story, Mercutio reveals his own suffering. Mercutio declares that Mab, a woman, ruinsShow MoreRelatedWilliam Shakes peare s Romeo And Juliet1287 Words   |  6 PagesLizzy Baginski English Composition 2 Mr. Spera March 10, 2015 Romeo and Juliet Research Paper The movie Romeo and Juliet is a modern classic film that took place in 1996. Overall this is a timeless story that everyone should go and watch. This movie has an intriguing plot line that tells the story of two feuding families, The Montagues and The Capulets, and how the children of these two different families fall in love. The two children overcome various obstacles such as hiding their chemistry fromRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Romeo And Juliet 966 Words   |  4 Pages Beauty Over Gold â€Å"Beauty provoketh thieves sooner than gold.--William Shakespeare, 1623. In his book As You Like It, William Shakespeare pointed out the supremacy of love rather than the want of gold and wealth. Truly, beauty is more important to thieves than wealth. Many of the thieves in this world would rather have an elegant woman than to obtain precious rubies. After all, what good is a prosperous man if he doesn’t have a charming woman? Two famous men grab my attention who didn’t fear forRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Romeo And Juliet Essay1024 Words   |  5 PagesRomeo and Juliet is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare early in his career about two young star-crossed lovers whose deaths ultimately reconcile their feuding families. It was among Shakespeare s most popular plays during his lifetime and, along with Hamlet, is one of his most frequently performed plays. Today, the title characters are regarded as archetypal young lovers. Romeo and Juliet belongs to a tradition of tragic romances stretching back to antiquity. The plot is based on an ItalianRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Romeo And Juliet1124 Words   |  5 PagesThe play Romeo and Juliet is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare early in his career about two young star-crossed lovers whose deaths ultimately reconcile their feuding families. It was among Shakespeare s most popular plays during his lifetime and, along with Hamlet, is one of his most frequently performed plays. Today, the title characters are regarded as archetypal young lovers. Romeo and Juliet belongs to a tradition of tragic romances stretching back to antiquity. Its plot is based onRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Romeo And Juliet861 Words   |  4 Pagesgreatly shown in the play Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare. It was love at first sight with Romeo Montague and Juliet Capulet. Meeting at a party and falling in love to get married without even spending quality time with each other. Romeo and Juliet couldn t tell there parents because the Capulets and Montagues are long term rivals. Both Romeo and Juliet had to find different ways and excuses to make this marriage work. A big problem was developed. Romeo kills Juliet s cousin and is banishedRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Romeo And Juliet1770 Words   |  8 Pagesof Romeo and Juliet. The story of two destined lovers who were killed by their own doing. But what if they weren t two destined lovers who got unlucky, but doomed partners that were never going to have a good-life to begin with.William Sha kespeare gives us a view of early signs of gang conflict in the early age of Verona, Italy. He gives us a perspective of the norms and customs of Italy during the Setting of William Shakespeare s most famous story. Romeo and Juliet, by William Shakespeare, givesRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Romeo And Juliet1616 Words   |  7 Pageslove can also cause some of life s most controversial battles. These battles could stem from lack of patience, disagreement of moral values, and in some cases, an absence of attraction overall. In Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare, the issues that drive Romeo Montague and Juliet Capulet s to each of their dreadful misfortunes are inevitable. When it comes to many of Shakespeare s plays, Aristotle s theory is used to describe them as tragedies. Romeo and Juliet is known by many as a tragedyRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Romeo And Juliet1264 Words   |  6 Pagestheater-going public the most important dramatist in English literature, Shakespeare oc cupies a well-known position in the world of talented authors. His canon contains thirty-seven plays, written in the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries. Additionally, throughout the years, they continue to sustain critical attention, with the majority of his works circling tragedies, one being Romeo and Juliet. William Shakespeare s Romeo and Juliet speaks to the timeless appeal of star-crossed lovers. Their loveRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Romeo And Juliet924 Words   |  4 PagesWilliam Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet is a tragedy that follows the so-called love of two teenagers. The two fall in love at a masked ball and have a secret marriage. Throughout the play, their actions show how ridiculous love is, and how it is a danger to anyone who become twisted in its choking grasp. However, in the death of the youth and survival of the elders, an alternative explanation for the tragic events may be found. Although Shakespeare seems to be mocking love throughout the play, itRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Romeo And Juliet1279 Words   |  6 Pagesour lives. The great, classic writers teach timeless, valuable life skills. Shakespeare was the greatest writer of all time. His writings mainly consisted of dramas and sonnets. Romeo and Juliet, as well as, A MIdsummer Night’s Dream were written about the same time period. He was able to inter relate everything that wrote. For example, the tale of Pyramus and Thisbe could possibly be an advertisement for Romeo and Juliet. The basic structure of the two dramas is the same; two forbidden lovers meet

Sunday, December 22, 2019

Taking a Look at Natioanl Parks - 1437 Words

A national park is an area set aside by a nation’s government to protect natural beauty, wildlife, or other remarkable features. Some national parks protect entire environments like coral reefs, deserts, grasslands, mountain ranges, or rain forests. Today about 1,500 national parks protect about 1.5 million square miles. Theodore Roosevelt had a huge impact on the national parks we know today. The three I found most interesting include The Great Smoky Mountains National Park, the Sequoia National Park, and the Everglades National Park. Theodore â€Å"Teddy† Roosevelt had a huge impact on the national park system that extended well beyond his term in office. Teddy Roosevelt first came to the Badlands in September 1883. Big game hunting had initially brought him to the west, as he spent more time in this area, he became more and more alarmed by the damage that was being done to the land and the wildlife. After this, conservation became one of Roosevelt’s main concerns. After he became president in 1901, Roosevelt used his authority to protect wildlife and public lands by creating the U.S. Forest Service. He also established fifty-one federal bird reservations, four national game services, one-hundred and fifty national forests, five national parks and created the Antiquities Act which he used to officially declare eighteen national monuments. Roosevelt has been called many times our country’s â€Å"Conservation President† He is remembered with a National Park that bears

Saturday, December 14, 2019

Causes of students sleeping in class hours Free Essays

It is a bad habit Of each every one Of us, mostly we experienced it because Of many reasons, and social media is the major reason of our laziness. Social media is not always positive. Students usually multi-task while studying, they check their social media sites while on the process of studying. We will write a custom essay sample on Causes of students sleeping in class hours or any similar topic only for you Order Now Their ability to concentrate on the task at hand is significantly reduced by the distractions in posting comments, tweeting and online gaming. Later on they will be totally distracted by their social media activities thus forget about the subjects that hey should focus on, in the first place. This is one very common problem faced by the students not only in this present era but most likely since the formal education was being taken and introduced. The popularity of social media can caught the attention of many students like us. There’s no doubt that students are energetic and actively engaged in online communities such as: posting comments, tweeting and online gaming. A. Statement of the Problem Laziness occurred because our attention is caught by the social media and we’re not aware that our interest in our studies is now losing. In this kind of search, we prepare some questions about this. What are the contributions of social media to the laziness of the students? Why is it that the social media is the number one cause of the laziness of the students? What can we do to overcome this bad habit? B. Hypothesis In this research, we give some answer on the following questions. This answer would be the possible answer of the students about this. For students, who always feel lazy, bored, not interested and sleepy during class hours. It is because they prefer using computers in useless things. Instead of using it on doing your homework, lessons, and projects. Some students feel lazy during class hours for the reason that they’re lack of sleep and rest. Some of them are still using computers, browsing nonsense things or playing online games even if it is late at night. We can avoid this laziness by having a motivation or a goal. By setting our minds that we should use computers in a good way. Don’t use computers too much in doing our school works, we can still browse some information from a reference book. C. Significance of the Study We all know that we can avoid this kind of activity. This research can change their bad habit. This can help them to stay focus on their studies. This research provides awareness to those students who are always lazy when it comes to study but so energetic when it comes to social networking sites. This can also help them to know and realize that using computers for your school works has a bigger difference than using computers to any useless things. Eke, online gaming and always using social networking sites while studying, that’s why they can’t stay focus on their studies. D. Scope and Delimitation’s of the Study Our research is focused on the contributions of social media activities to the jazziness of the students. Through this research we will have more knowledge and deep understanding about its contribution. The selected students of San Guillemot Academy from grade seven to fourth year are our respondents. Thirty (30) students from grade seven, thirty (30) students from grade eight, thirty (30) students from Third year and ten (10) students from fourth year. For a total of 1 00 respondents. Bored, not interested in class, not interested to the subject and sleepy because you’re lazy and all you want to do is to use computer time to time. Chapter II Theoretical and Conceptual Framework Review of Related Literature Cutting back on sleep for school work is counterproductive Students who Stay up late to cram for a test or finish a project have lower comprehension and worse performance in the classroom as a result, research shows. By Mary Mclean August 22, 2012 Los Angels Times The old aphorism that â€Å"you snooze, you lose† doesn’t apply to students who stay up late to cram for a test or finish a class project. New research shows that sacrificing sleep for school work is a bad trade. Researchers from Class Jane and Terry Semen Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior enlisted students from three Los Angels high schools to help them figure out whether academic performance suffered the day after a late night of studying. It turned out their hunch was correct: Lost sleep resulted in less comprehension during class and worse performance on tests, according to their report, published online Tuesday in the journal Child Development. â€Å"Sacrificing sleep for studying seems to be counterproductive,† said Andrew J. Fulfilling, a developmental psychologist at UCLA and the stud’s senior author. The researchers gave 535 teenagers checklists to keep track of their sleep and duty time for three 14-day periods when they were in ninth, 10th and 12th grades. The UCLA team found that regardless Of how much time a high schooled normally spends on homework each day, a student who gives up sleep for extra study time will have trouble the next day understanding material in class and be more likely to struggle with an assignment or test the opposite of the student’s intent. The researchers didn’t quantify the increased risk for academic problems following a longer-than-usual study session, but they said the number of problems was â€Å"surprisingly greater. † The allegations held up no matter how academically ambitious the student was, as measured by the amount of time spent studying on a typical day, and it became stronger as students progressed through high school. The results rang true to Aka Daniels, a college-bound senior at the Los Angels Center for Enriched Studies, a Mid-City magnet school. On occasions when she’s stayed up late to study, she’s had more trouble absorbing material in class, she said. I’d have to retrace myself at night,† she said. The finding â€Å"makes a lot of sense,† said Mona el-Sheikh, a professor of human velveteen and family studies at Auburn University whose research includes sleep. Several new studies are showing that the quantity and the quality of sleep are important for remembering new information and consolidating learning, she said. Students who get too little sleep don’t have enough time to process what they study, she added; even just one night of sleep deprivation can have a negative effect. Parents should do what they can to make sure their children have sufficient and consistent sleep, she said. Fulfilling said he could not disclose which schools took part in the research. The dents varied in ethnic and economic backgrounds, as well as in their level Of academic achievement. Their checklists revealed that study time did not change over the course of high school -? the average was just over an hour per day -? but sleep time decreased by an average of 41. 4 minutes. Ready, willing, and able? Sleep hygiene education, motivational interviewing and cognitive behavior therapy for insomnia in an Australian high school setting Journal Article By Mineral Cain Publication: Education and Health Date: 2012 Cognitive behavior therapy for insomnia is well-regarded as an effective retirement for insomnia in adults. Previous studies also suggest that CB-I can be successfully applied to adolescents experiencing insomnia and other sleep problems, which most commonly involve delayed sleep timing. The recommended treatment involves a combined program of morning bright light therapy, stimulus control therapy, and education about sleep hygiene. Improving sleep pattern regularity by getting up earlier on weekends (I. E. , at a time closer to the weekday wake-up time) can play a particularly important role in increasing total sleep time during the week and decreasing daytime leafiness. Recent research suggests that the school classroom may be a promising arena for the dissemination of sleep interventions for adolescents. However, many of the earlier studies in this area have been plagued by problems such as inappropriate outcome measures, small sample size, lack of control group, and lack of follow-up data. Reporting has also been poor, with a number of studies presented only in abstract form. Results have been mixed: some studies showed improved knowledge about sleep, despite having no data about actual changes in sleep habits or behaviors; another duty measured sleep habits but found no change from pre- to post- treatment. Finally, some studies found changes in sleep habits from pre- to post-treatment, although these results must be interpreted with caution due to the previously mentioned problems of small sample size, lack of control group, and lack of follow-up data. A series oft studies conducted by researchers at Flinders University in Adelaide, Australia, attempted to overcome the limitations of previous research by conducting randomized controlled trials evaluating school-based intervention programs aimed at improving the sleep of adolescents. Full details of these studies can be found in earlier publications; however, an outline of the main findings are presented here, along with recommendations for others planning school-based interventions for adolescent sleep problems. Impact of Delaying School Start Time on Adolescent Sleep, Mood, and Behavior Journal Article By Judith Owens Publication: Arch Pediatrics’s Med Date: 2010 Objective: To examine the impact of a 30-minute delay in school start time on adolescents’ sleep, mood, and behavior. Design: Participants completed the online retrospective Sleep Habits Survey before and after a change in school tart time. Setting: An independent high school in Rhode Island. Participants: Students (n=201) in grades 9 through 12. Intervention: Institution of a delay in school start time from 8 to 8:30 AM. Main Outcome Measures: Sleep patterns and behavior, daytime sleepiness, mood, data from the Health Center, and absences/tardiest. Results: After the start time delay, mean school night sleep duration increased by 45 minutes, and average bedtime advanced by 18 minutes (95% confidence interval, 7-29 minutes [24th=3. 36; PC the percentage of students getting less than 7 hours of sleep decreased by 79. 4%, ND those reporting at least 8 hours of sleep increased from 16. 4% to 54. 7%. Students reported significantly more satisfaction with sleep and experienced improved motivation. Daytime sleepiness, fatigue, and depressed mood were all reduced. Most health-related variables, including Health Center visits for fatigue-related complaints, and class attendance also improved. Conclusions: A modest delay in school start time was associated with significant improvements in measures of adolescent alertness, mood, and health. The results of this study support the potential benefits of adjusting school schedules to adolescents’ sleep needs, circadian rhythm, and developmental stage. Middle School Start Times: The Importance of a Good Night’s Sleep for Young Adolescents Journal Article By Amy R. Wolfs Publication: Behavioral Sleep Medicine Date: 2007 With the onset of adolescence, teenagers require 9. 2 hrs of sleep and experience a delay in the timing of sleep. In the â€Å"real world† with early school start times, however, they report less sleep, striking differences between their school-weekend sleep schedules, and significant daytime sleepiness. Prior studies demonstrated that high coolers with later school starts do not rather delay bedtime but obtain more sleep due to later wake times. This study examined sleep-wake patterns of young adolescents attending urban, public middle schools with early (7:1 5 a. . ) versus late (8:37 a. M. ) start times. Students (N = 205) were assessed at 2 time periods. Students at the late- starting school reported waking up over 1 hrs later on school mornings and obtaining 50 min more sleep each night, less sleepiness, and fewer tardiest than students at the early school. All students reported similar school-night bedtime, sleep hy giene practices, and weekend sleep schedules. Related Studies Sleep Complaints Affecting School Performance at Different Educational Levels By James F. Page and Carol F. Swastikas Published online 2010 November 16. Prepossessed online 201 0 July 21 Abstract The clear association between reports of sleep disturbance and poor school performance has been documented for sleepy adolescents. This study extends that research to students outside the adolescent age grouping in an associated school setting (98 middle school students, 67 high school students, and 64 college students). Reported restless legs and periodic limb movements are significantly associated with lower Spa’s in junior high students. Consistent with previous studies, daytime sleepiness was the sleep variable most likely to negatively affects high school students. Sleep onset and maintenance insomnia were the reported sleep variables significantly correlated with poorer school performance in college students. This study indicates that different sleep disorder variables negatively affect performance at different age and educational levels. Keyset;rods: adolescent, college, sleep, restless legs, school, insomnia, GAP Introduction A growing body of work documents the association between disordered sleep and school performance. Students who report insomnia, inadequate sleep, daytime sleepiness, irregular sleep patterns and/or poor sleep quality do not perform as well in school as others (Blue et al. , 1990; Link and Nicolai- Israel, 1995; Hoffman and Strength, 1 997; Wolfs and Sarandon, 1 998, 2003; Shin et al. , 2003; Mailman,2005). Children enrolled in remedial school programs report significantly more sleep problems (Blunder and Chervil, 2008). Reported abnormalities in sleep including sleep latency [SSL]mini and more than one arousal per night at least two nights/week have shown an association with an increase in school failure rates (Kahn et l. 1989). A large study in the Spanish secondary school system (N=11 55, mean age 14) found a significant correlation between class failure and sleep complaints, and morning sleepiness (Solaced et al. , 2005). Better school performance is associated with more time in bed, better sleep quality, fewer nighttimes arousal, less napping and less difference between weekd ay and weekend sleep times (Link and Nicolai-lesser, 1 995; Hoffman and Strength, 1997; Wolfs and Sarandon, 1998). The association between sleep complaints and poor school performance is supported by in-lab experimental studies that demonstrate negative effects for sleep deprivation, sleep restriction, and sleepiness on laboratory measures of motor skill, memory, attention and problem solving in children and adolescents (Shades et al. , 2002; Teaser et al. , 2002; Sarandon et al. , 2004). Experimental restriction Of sleep in students (ages 6-12) has been shown to lead to academic difficulty in the classroom as well as increased severity of school related attention problems (Fallen et al. 2005). There are suggestions in the literature that sleep variables affecting school performance differ based on age and educational level. In seven year olds, short sleep duration is associated with higher emotional liability (Nixon et al. , 2008). Adolescent aged delayed sleep phase develops at the onset of puberty with the associated daytime sleepiness affecting school performance in the high school aged popul ation (Wolfs and Sarandon, 2003; Mailman, 2005). In a large study of Canadian high school students (N=3,235, mean age 16. ) twenty-three percent of students felt that their grades had dropped in high school because of daytime sleepiness (Gibson et al. ,2006). A similar study in Korean high school students N=3,871 , mean age 16. 8) reported excessive daytime sleepiness (DES) to be present in 15. 9% of students. DES was significantly associated with perceived sleep insufficiency, two or more insomnia symptoms and low school performance (Joy et al. , 2005). The proportion of students reporting insomnia appears to increase with increasing age and higher educational level. Among Japanese adolescents, both difficulty initiating sleep and reported insomnia gradually increase from 7th to 12th grade (Kanata et al. , 2006). Up to 30% of college students report chronic Severe sleep difficulties including both daytime sleepiness and insomnia with 1 1 % meeting criteria for delayed sleep phase syndrome (DADS) (Brown et al. , 2001 , 2006). Sleep disturbances are likely to continue to affect school performance in adults. Cognitive function test scores have been noted to fall in both medical students and residents after sleep deprivation (Wallach et al. 2003). Disordered sleep has also been noted to effect behaviors other than school performance. For example, daytime sleepiness was shown to negatively affect student participation in extracurricular activity (Gibson et al. , 2006). Studies have documented the effect of disordered sleep on the behavioral and emotional performance of elementary’ school children (Meandered et al. , 2006; El-Sheikh et al. ,2007 ). Children with fragmented sleep score lower on tests of neurologically functioning and have increased parent-reported levels of behavior problems (Shades et al. 2002). In adolescent boys reported tiredness and sleepiness associated with lower perceived academic performance is also associated with negative mood states, problematic alcohol use, perceived mistreatment or abuse, antisocial behavior, intention to use or current use of illegal drugs, ND feelings of isolation (O’brien and Mindful, 2005; Anyone et al. , 2007). Treatment protocols proposed and utilized in the treatment of sleep disturbance in students A variety of treatment protocols have been proposed for general application in student populations. The finding that early high school start times are associated with student reports of less sleep and increased sleepiness has led to proposals for changes in school start times (Dexter et al. , 2003; Joy et al. , 2005). In some states and communities school Start times have been changed based on legislation. It is currently unclear hither this approach leads to an improvement in school performance (Liaison et al. , 2002). In elementary students treatment suggestions for sleep complaints include attempts to resolve the marital conflicts (El-Sheikh et al. , 2007). Emphasis on the behavioral basis of daytime sleepiness in high school students has led to the development and application of co-educational programs emphasizing sleep hygiene (Joy et al. , 2005; Gibson et al. , 2006). Melatonin used as a pharmacological treatment for adolescents aged 10-?1 areas in the treatment of DADS has been shown to exult in fewer of these students reporting school difficulties (Ginsberg et al. ,2006). Some studies have suggested, based on data derived from high school studies, that co-educational treatment approaches and delayed class start times be utilized in the treatment of college students (Brown et al. 2006; Gibson et al. , 2006). In the effort to improve school performance at all educational levels, there appears to be a tendency to apply one-size-fits-all programs for the treatment of sleep disturbance based on data from high school studies (Brown et al. , 2006). This study presents data evaluating the association between questionnaire-reported sleep di sturbances and school performance in three separate groups of students extending from grade 6 through college (age range 10-?54). It is the authors’ hypothesis that the sleep variables affecting school performance in elementary school and junior high differ from those affecting school performance in high school, and those affecting college students. If this hypothesis is correct, it becomes increasingly important that future research studies and treatment protocols should clarify the age and educational level association of sleep disorder variables with school performance. Materials and Methods Three samples of students were analyzed for this study: middle school (grades 6-8), high school (grades 9-11) and college students. The first samples were assessed in the science and heath classes at associated middle and high schools in Pueblo, Colorado near the end of the 2005 school year. The college sample was assessed in psychology, nursing and medical classes at the local community colleges as part of an invited presentation on â€Å"Sleep in Young Adults† in 2007. Although all three studies used the same questionnaire instrument, because of differences in the settings, statistical imprisons were made within, but not across the three educational levels. An RIB approved, 18-question frequency-based pediatric sleep disturbance questionnaire, based on validated and indexed questions (Chervil et al. , 2000, 2003; Page et al. , 2007), was used for all three samples. The questionnaire consisted of five ordinal response categories: I-?never; 2=rarely (once a month); 3=sometimes (once a week); 4=occasionally (twice a week); 5=always (every night). In order to simplify interpretation of the data and reduce categories with small numbers of responses, we aggregated the sleep ATA to compare response categories 3-5 to categories 1 and 2. This differentiated those who reported having the sleep problem at least once a week from those who had it less often. Assessment of school performance was based on self reported GAP (Range 2. 0-4. 0), which is a common method for defining academic performance in sleep research (Blue et al. , 1990; Hoffman and Strength, 1997; Wolfs and Sarandon, 1 998; Mailman, 2005). Although questionnaires were distributed to 238 middle and high school students, only 165 (69. %) reported their GAP While only the students porting GAP could be analyzed for this study, chi-square analyses revealed that none of the sleep variables differed significantly between those who provided GAP data and those who did not. In addition, a proportion of post- secondary school students were enrolled in either nursing or medical training programs that did not rate performance based on GAP and therefore could not be included. This study included 98 junior high students (Grades 6-8), 67 high school students (grades 9-11 ) and 64 college students (mean age 27. , range 17-?59). GAP was not normally distributed and therefore was split at the Edwina to form two groups within each educational level: Low GAP and High GAP. Within each of the three educational levels, chi-square analyses, using Fisher-exact one-sided tests, were run to compare each of the sleep disturbance variables by GAP (low or high). Results Table 1 displays descriptive information for demographic and sleep variables for the three groups. Notably, there were more Hispanic students in the two younger groups and more African American and white students in the college group. There were also substantially more males in the college group than the two younger groups. However, within each educational group, there were o significant differences in age, ethnicity or gender by GAP. For all three groups, the most common sleep associated problem was feeling unrepressed/tired in the morning, followed by having trouble waking up in the morning. The least common behaviors were trouble with breathing when sleeping and taking sleep medication. Table 1 Demographic and sleep variables for all three groups. 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Friday, December 6, 2019

Use of Social Media in a Crisis Situation Socialization

Question: Discuss about the Use of Social Media in a Crisis Situationfor Socialization. Answer: Introduction: The outset of technological introductions and relational affairs characterizes the extensive and the most advanced operational devices of peripheral communication that benefits the accumulation of configuration of boosting attitude. Different forms of social media stands applicably engaged in the technique of fashioning suitable procedures of communal and personal relations to nurture the characteristics of any definite problem or resolution of crisis in diverse forms of situations (Berger, 2012). Social media benefits the business groups to create undeviating communication to form their target customs. Specific features of Social media: Bauwens Verstrynge (2010) specified that it aids the businesses to be responsive of the interim structures, discussion among the members, staffs, administration and external representatives or personalities attached with professional activities besides the dealings of their preferential yields or services. It promotes to builds an effective strategy to exchange views sand opinions that would be prospective to deal with different perspectives of the business communication. It also acts as the fruitful stage to provide the required information regarding the precautionary measures and circulate among the domain of business spheres when there causes any sort of discrepancy (Priporas Vrontis, 2014). The actuality of significant events benefits the businesses in making their trading assessment and judgments in solving the existing and potential risks. The menaces and destructive factors of different types of incidents, such as the entry of activists, ki dnappers, bombers, extremists or gunmen within the territories of business organizations can be eventually faced with the service of social media that promptly and tactfully builds the way to disseminate the factual information without the knowledge of culprits. Cervone (2010) indicated that the theoretical concept of socialization supports the institute to create prediction regarding the special effects of the communal and personal interaction amongst the different categories of personnel irrespective of culture, creed, class, social or economic statuses. The clienteles are skillfully able to form their emotional and coherent attitudes while judging the purpose of purchasing behavior toward the direction of procurement decision for the selected objects. The social interacting sites propose their operators through the virtual dais to interconnect among themselves and the comprehensive domain that aids to promote the value of socialization Significance of Social media in resolution of crisis: The evaluator is intensely interested to recognize the appreciative assessment of communication in addition to the accomplishment of cognizance in the ground of prolific insinuation of procedural and systematic resources of well-designed platform in associating the communicating interlinks to presentation and safeguarding of actions. This ultimately reassures a beneficial link with different categories of individuals.to develop the market culture and customer loyalty (Healey, 2011). The broadcast of varied matters with the purposes of pre and post operating practices bring up to the preparation of engendering contacts as well as persuading the individuals to ascertain the existing situation of the crisis of the concerned unit as well as its business capabilities. It permits the executives and directors including the administrative powers to realize the significance of problems faced by the specified organization to bring together the essential substantiation of grander form of troubles that focus on realistic complications. The social media deals with modest design of accomplishments of articulating the strata for effective and treasured relation with the citizens to understand the applicable messages and awareness concerning the constituents of the actual circumstances. It is exactly a wide-ranging and pioneering form of shared course of action and convincing technique stranded on information technology to validate the condition of troubles to the organization. The common public may hold the desire for knowledge to secure the entities that obeys to its leading mechanisms for healthy way of life (McCurdy, 2012). There are rewarding, self-assured and physical requirements of miscellaneous groups of individuals who challenge to determine the resolution of catastrophe through the viable links and realize the significance of fundamental well-being of the society. The transmission of undertaking of business and specific activities of the individuals is continually engaged to highlight the prospective landscapes of the organizational objectives and viewpoints (Cook, 2011). Figure: Interactive Message (Source: Gajjala Chopra, 2011) Functions of Social media sequence: Social means of media interaction is utterly depended on the operations based on the procedures structured on internet technology in addition to the presentation of intricate practices of practical grounds and principles that devises a compact platform of broadcasting limpidity. It possesses a discrete policy of research and demonstration of message in addition to the considerations underlying the tangible evidence. The media attaches the contrasting natures of individuals existing in numerous areas of the domain to promote assertive and operative systems of affiliation among diverse societies, populations and entities (Fisher, 2014). The businesses of a corporation understand prodigious benefit from the roles of social media as it stresses on the countless features of the trades and personnel connected to the institute. The productive messages through the media encourage the people to exchange their views and opinions through the appropriate modes of images, text and videos that uplift the actual intention of the correspondents (Helkkula Kelleher, 2010). The ordering of different types of artifacts are sustained and awakened by the inner spirit of self-desires of the varied types of spectators who acquires the knowledge of the components of the objects of their choices or even the unknown materials by watching the description of the images of advertisement alongside the reviews of the users who already have the requisite experience of usage and the evidence. The acquiring options are available to the clients who tend to comprehend the design of the harvests fashioned by the corresponding association through the all-embracing solicitation of the apparatuses of social media. The media implies the consequence of profile-raising landscapes of the repute of the establishment to preserve the prospective users. Berger (2012) recommends that it stands likewise as a decent technique of generating newfangled productions and businesse s including the patrons to diversify the products and marketing zones that would definitely augment the construction of true determination of targets built on the malleable rapport. Figure: Features of social Media Sequence in action (Source: Iqani, 2012) The optimization of search engines and persuasive tools are relatively operative and work for the perseverance of the diverse personnel who are connected to the engagements of constructive moods to achieve the intentions. The procedure of improving the websites engenders the cognizance among the people. The messages are effortlessly dispersed across the public means as well as the operational societies or the assemblies of individuals over and done with the manipulators and visitors of the settings of sites (McCurdy, P. 2012). Opportunities of social network: The evolution of the attractiveness of the social networks and the amplified quintessence of the apparatuses of demonstrative actions and identified channels corresponding to the public linkages, bookmarking facts of mutual commitments, custom-made exploration and steering over the positions, cataloging, placement of videography, consistent provisions of writings at the blogs besides conversation through Facebook, whatsapp, linked In, commenting beside the posts of incidents and important events at different websites, twitter, transferring communications through mailing services and great other forms of interactions appeal to the conforming persons in their own ways. As assessed by the investigators of business research, Priporas Vrontis (2014) stated that the public services are prudently supervised and well-kept-up at steady interludes of time location as accomplished by the innovativeness to enlighten the updates and present to the general public. The communicating relations enable to handle their adoptions and likings of the particulars of industrial article. The application programs created on the architectural settings of specified programing languages produces the accessible steps of software planning and maintenance. The operating phenomena with the system of structuration of the functions as per the commands of the instructions framed on the specified formulation of protocols depend on the integrated permutation of hardware implements that need to fuse with software for creating enriched facilities to the users. The specific companies ought to handle precise applications according to the software requirements as suited for the purpose of working strategies (Iqani, 2012). The organization aims to have an encouraging impact on the operators to manage the discussions, seminars and messages as fundamental measure of the Collective Cycle of Media transmission. It exists as an unremitting drive of the schedule of planning that is documented from end to end of the networks of connecting media. It aids in materializing the bond to fit in the opening of the passage of communication between the community and the commercial assembly. The individuals are allied in an organized manner through the sequence of media transmission that affords the multifaceted bridge of the relations of contacts and encompass the societies that ensure common sets of apprehension. The instigation and influx of internet as well as communication approaches over mobile operations based on prompt communications directed through electronic mail services in addition to assessments of public opinions accessible in the web services reflects the feedback of the people on different matters (Humphreys, 2013) Figure: Categories of Social network (Source: Persson, 2013, pp-860) Theoretical framework: The Common form of Cognitive philosophy reveals the effect of media on the characters confidence and behaviors. Still, there stands a persistent need of umpiring the earlier environments and positions that produce a prevailing part in launching the connection of the specified media with the individual that has uninterrupted upshot upon the activities. Interpreting to the dictums of celebrated psychologists, it delivers an elucidation for the pragmatic circumstances of knowledge and open appearance of the competences of the common responses. The communal medias influence on the behavior of the populaces functions as a inconceivable contrivance of discovering the real purposes of the individuals affording to the dominant physical characteristics of the settings (Kilian, 2011). There stand diverse designs of behavioral elements to be detected in relations of cognitive, genetic and sentimental resources to instruct the life-force of societal and environmental requisites and substantiate the immensity of the professed values. Conferring to the ideologies of the principle, the person efforts to hang on a different individuals morals or conduct, he employs from the reflection and this might be invigorated or disheartened on the source of the situation of evidences. The concept discloses the responsiveness of devotion, preservation, construction and motivational developments that proves the ideal of behavioral lessons (McCurdy, 2012). The hideous movements are the consequence of the demoralized assertiveness that pinnacles the non-promotional actions of the networks of the media. Figure: Socio Perceptive factors (Source: McCurdy, 2012, pp-250) The Social manifestation principle recommends the awareness of the social transmission that is supposed to be poles apart in accordance with the dissimilarities of the simultaneous settings and stresses of the communities. The edifice of the media stands momentously influenced by the intimation of arrangement that is characterized from side to side of the societal indicator of the expansion concerning the exchange of message based on technological tools and the data handling grounded on the communal frameworks (Larsen, 2011). Agreeing to the everyday reputation of the method, the harmonized patterns of the comprehensive actions are anticipated to nurture and develop into full-grown clarifications of others activities with the concerns of the sensitive connection and the advices of the individuals who are linked to the status quo and the surrounding environments (Scott Jacka, 2011). Challenges: The syndicate requires establishing the acquaintances and amalgamating the objectives of social media presentation using the communal sites while approaching the Facebook, or Twitter, in addition to YouTube, Linked In, Whatsapp, Instagram, websites of the institutes and personal sites etc. The commercial and the schmoozing diplomacies are moderately substantial in creating and acclimatizing the social forms of broadcasting the optimum aspects of their contemporaneous guidelines of presentation and execution of messages (Szczepaniak, 2013). The experiments and risks are essential to deal with confident state of affairs for pleading and presenting messages. The diffusion of information often refers to the interactive understandings of the analogous elements fixed or promoted by different and parallel other initiatives of steadfast organizations developing undistinguishable foundations of beneficial ideals to produce public perception and inequality amid the costs of creation and the persuasive competencies (Werbin, 2011). The declaration can be available or transferred following the demands fashioned by the Business by fabrication of market share. The Commercial organization correspondingly hires the websites of other groups of specialized enterprises as well as pay considerable charge to the directed units of associate organizations. There are likelihoods of functioning presentation with linking through mouse and examining the valuation of the performances that are responsible to be mediated by the challengers. The user-friendliness of operating systems may expose the vital data and evidences and information of the trades to the competitor firms (Berger, 2012). Conclusion: The media provides comfortable platform of values to pursue the optimistic objectives of the cognitive therapy of the persons associated with the organization that desires to produce feasible clients and validate the existing image of the accommodating viewpoints of the matters it harvests or constructs. The enlightened correspondences and the instantaneous messages of the documented information help to generate attentiveness and communal, legitimate and ethical consciousness to discriminate the wide-ranging features of the commendation and the practice of the foundation of industrial constituents along with the tangible uniqueness of the Commercial activities which brands the suitable assets to satisfy the requests of authentic users. References Bauwens, J. Verstrynge, K. (2013). Digital Technology, Virtual Worlds, and Ethical Change. Techn: Research in Philosophy and Technology, 17(1), pp.124-143. Berger, A. (2012). Media analysis techniques. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: SAGE. Cervone, H. (2010). Emerging technology, innovation, and the digital library. OCLC Systems Services: International digital library perspectives, 26(4), pp.239-242. Chopra, R. Gajjala, R. (2012). Global Media, Culture, and Identity. Hoboken: Taylor and Francis Cook, S. (2011). Customer Care Excellence: How to Create Effective Customer Focus. 6th ed. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Fisher, E. (2014). 'You Media': audiencing as marketing in social media. Media, Culture Society. Gajjala, R. Chopra, R. (2011). Global media, culture, and identity. New York: Routledge. Healey, J. (2011). Social impacts of digital media. Thirroul, N.S.W.: Spinney Press Helkkula, A. Kelleher, C. (2010). Circularity of customer service experience and customer perceived value. J. Cust. Behav., 9(1), pp.37-53. Humphreys, L. (2013). Mobile social media: Future challenges and opportunities. Mobile Media Communication, 1(1), pp.20-25. Iqani, M. (2012). Consumer culture and the media. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan Kilian, K. (2011). Die Chancen von Social Media fr die Markenfhrung. Media Spectrum, 31(11), pp.32-33. Larsen, G. (2011). Editorial: Special Issue on Customer Behaviour in Arts, Heritage, Nonprofit and Social Marketing. J. Cust. Behav., 10(4), pp.305-308. McCurdy, P. (2012). Social Movements, Protest and Mainstream Media. Sociology Compass, 6(3), pp.244-255. Persson, A. (2013). Profitable customer management: reducing costs by influencing customer behaviour. European Journal of Marketing, 47(5/6), pp.857-876. Priporas, C. Vrontis, D. (2014). Concerns and developments in customer behaviour across industries. J. Cust. Behav., 13(1), pp.1-3. Scott, P. Jacka, J. (2011). Auditing social media. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley Szczepaniak, R. (2013). Media Convergence - Approaches and Experiences. Frankfurt: Peter Lang GmbH, Internationaler Verlag der Wissenschaften Werbin, K. (2011). Spookipedia: intelligence, social media and biopolitics. Media, Culture Society, 33(8), pp.1254-1265.

Thursday, November 28, 2019

Decleration Of Independence Essay Example

Decleration Of Independence Essay Quite possibly the most critical document ever written in the history of our great country was the declaration of independence.This document set off a chain reaction of events that came to shape a nation, an independent nation.After reading the document over a few times while writing this paper I have come to realize something, I have never actually read it.Sure I knew its significance in history and I knew what it was about but I never actually took the time to read it through.Thefirst two paragraph of this document sum up what it is to be an American and to be a patriot and I have overlooked it for some time. Our founding fathers, to use the cliche, were true patriots and wanted nothing more than to be free from the grasp of England. In thefirst two paragraphs of the document Thomas Jefferson eloquently explains to us, the people who were later to become known as Americans, we were born a free people and can no longer be oppressed by an overbearing and unjust mother country.He sta tes that everyone is born with certain unalienable rights.These opportunities are bestowed upon everyone.Now we look back on this document and realize that some of these statements may be from a utopian point of view due to the fact that there was still slavery going on in almost all of the southern colonies, but for our purposes we shall analyze the values that Jefferson expresses and overlook that fact.His main concern in the document is to give an understanding that not just Britain, but any government that is destructive of these endsmust be overthrown by the people and a new government must be put in its place.Jefferson realizes that no government is flawless and everyone makes mistakes, but when that governme! nt becomes unjust and overbearing, as England had become it was time to turn over a new leaf.Jeffersons words seemed to summarize the overall sentiment of the colonists to a TEA. The colonist Decleration of Independence Essay Example Decleration of Independence Essay Rafi JacobsA.P. American History Report About two months ago I still thought that the Declaration of Independence was something written a few hundred years ago, and was very famous, but had no real historical value. I just thought it was a nice thing, and after it became famous was adapted as a work of art. And to be honest I didnt even know what signifagance it had and how much it really did for out country. But after reading the Declaration of Independence, by Carl Becker, I found out what it really meant. In this report I will not only prove that I read the book, but show what affect it had on our country, the independent Unites States of America. Actually, the decleration wasnt even the officiol act of seperation from Great Britian. That was done on June 7th, 1776, when Richard Henry Lee, on behalf of the Virginia Delegation made three resolutions, one that declared the United Sttes should be free and indipendent states, and there should be no connection between them and Great Britain. It was voted in on July 2nd, 1776. However, on the 10th of June in when they decided they should write a decleration of indipendence, and they appointed Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman, and Robert R. Livingston. Atfirst Thomas Jefferson ask John Adams if he could write it. He replied First, you are a Virginian, ought to be in charge of buissness, next I am obnoxious, suspected, and unpopular, reason number three, you are a ten times better writer, Mr. Jefferson. When writing this document, they had to be careful not to do a few things. First, they didnt want this to sound like a rebellion. They tried to make it sound like it was a moral and justified thing to do. The goal was to make this rebellion a justified act. Rebelling against a king is seriose. So they had to be careful. They couldnt just make this against their own king of Britian, instead they wanted it to